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关于日本向海洋排放核事故污染水的国际法研究 | 吴 蔚 龚俊铭

发布时间:2023年04月22日作者:资料来源:浏览次数:8949

本文作者

吴蔚

武汉大学中国边界与海洋研究院副教授


龚俊铭

武汉大学中国边界与海洋研究院硕士生

莱顿大学法学院国际公法硕士生


本文原载于《太平洋焦点》(Pacific Focus),题目是“关于日本向海洋排放核事故污染水的国际法研究”(Study on the International Law of Japan's Discharging Contaminated Water from the Nuclear Accident into the Sea)。


摘 要

本文以日本为例,重点探讨了核事故污染水排放入海所涉及的国际法问题,并提出了海洋环境合作的路径,以供区域国家和国际社会参考。具体而言,本文首先研究了日本核事故污染水排放的现状。其次,我们探讨了将核事故污染水排放入海的负面影响,特别是对海洋环境和海洋产业的影响。再次,我们分析了现行国际法体系在规范核事故污染水排放入海方面所面临的困境。第四,我们说明了核事故水排放国的潜在责任。最后,文章以国际合作为主要手段,提出了建立和发展有关核事故污染水排放入海的法规的几种详细方法。


Abstract

This paper focuses on the issues of international law involved in discharging of nuclear contaminated water from a nuclear accident into the sea, taking Japan as an example, and proposes a pathway for marine environmental cooperation as a reference for regional States and the international community. Specifically, this paper first examines the current situation of the discharge of contaminated water from the nuclear accident in Japan. Secondly, we explore the negative effect of discharging contaminated water from the nuclear accident into the sea, particularly its impact on the marine environment and marine industries. Thirdly, we analyze the dilemma faced by the current system of international law in regulating the discharge of contaminated water from the nuclear accident into the sea. Fourthly, we illustrate the potential responsibilities of the NACW discharging States. Finally, the article takes international cooperation as the principal means and proposes several detailed ways to establish and develop the regulation regarding the discharge of contaminated water from the nuclear accident into the sea.


阅读原文:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pafo.12226